herb Madalene Hill herb

Popular Varieties

Herb Height Description Culture Harvest Use
Anise
Pimpinella anisum
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20-23" Serrated leaves, small white flowers. Low spreading plant is a slow growing annual. Moderately rich soil. Likes full sun. Space 6-8 in row with rows 12-13 in. apart. When seeds turn brown, or use leaves while green if needed. Seed-pastries, candy, cookies, beverages, meats, soups
Leaves-salad or garnish
Basil
Ocimym basilicum
20-24" Leafy, light green foliage; flowers white or lavendar. Fast growing annual. Start seed indoors in early April or seed in early spring. Space 12". Prefers protected sunny location. Harvest leaves when flowering begins. Cut plants 4-6" above ground. Leaves-soups, stews, omelets, salads, meats, sauces
Borage
Borago officinaliss
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20-24" Coarse, rough, hairy leaves. Produces light blue flowers in drooping clusters. Seed directly in early spring. Space 12" apart. Seeds may be slow to germinate. Harvest the young leaves and dry, or cook fresh like spinach. Leaves-salads, greens
Flowers and leaf tips-pickles, soups, stews
Caraway
Carum carvi
12-24" Carrot-like leaf with small creamy white flowers Seed directly in spring and located in full sun. Space 6" apart. Harvest leaves when mature. Seeds will form midway through second season. Leaves-garnish
Seeds-breads, cakes, soups, sauces, salads
Chervil
Anthriscus cerefolium
18" Similar to parsley with light gree lacy leaves. Flowers are small white clusters. Sow seed in moist, partially shaded located. Space 6" apart. Harvest mature leaves and dry or use directly for garnishes. Leaves-salads, soups,meats, poulty, garnishes
Coriander
Coriandrum sativum
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36" Large, coarse plant with white flowers. Sow seeds directly. Use full sun area and thin to 10". Harvest seeds when they begin to turn brown. Seeds are generally used crushed. Seeds-pastries, sauces, pickles, liquors
Dill
Anethum graveolens Photo
24-36" Tall plant with feathery green leaves. Open umbrella-shaped flower heads. Seed directly and then to 12". If seeds mature and fall, they will come up again next year. Harvest mature seed heads before seeds drop. May use small leaves as well. Sprigs of seed head or seeds-pickles, breads, sauces, meats, salads, vinegars
Leaves-sauces, dips, fish, flavoring
Fennel
Foeniculum vulgare
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36" Fine feathery leaves with broad, bulb-like leaf base. Sow in early spring and thin to 12". Harvest either young sprigs and leaves or seeds. Sprigs-soups
Leaves-garnishes
Seeds-soups, breads
Parsley
Petroseelinum crispum
5-6" Curled or plain dark green leaves May be slow to germinate. Seed in early spring. Space 6-8". Harvest mature leaves as needed. Leaves-garnish
Sweet Marjoram
Majorana hortensis
12" Fine textured plant with white flowers Start seedlings in shade. Mature plants will grow in full sun. Space 8-10". Harvest mature leaves. Leaves-salads, soups, dressings
Summer Savory
Satureja hortensis
18" Small, gray-green leaves with purple and white flowers Plant tender annual after danger of frost. Space 6-9" apart. Harvest mature leaves. Leaves-salads, soups, dressings, poultry
Chives
Allium schoenoprasum
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12" Onion-type leaves with blue round flower head Can be grown in containers or outdoors in spring. Divide to increase. Space 5" apart. Clip leaves as needed. Leaves-omelets, salads, soups, sauces, dips
Caraway
Carum carvi
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12-24" Carrot-like leaf with small creamy white flowers Seed directly in spring and located in full sun. Space 6" apart. Harvest leaves when mature. Seeds will form midway through second season. Leaves-garnish
Seeds-breads, cakes, soups, sauces, salads
Garlic Chives
Allium tuberosum
12-16" Similar to chives. Can be grown in containers or outdoors in spring. Divide to increase. Space 5" apart. Clip leaves as needed. Substitue for garlic flavor.
Peppermint
Mentha piperita
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18" Vigorous bush-type plant with purple flowers. Prefers rich, moist soil. Space 8-10" apart. Harvest young or mature leaves. Leaves-soups, sauces, tea, jelly
Sprigs-tea, sauces, summer drinks
Spearmint
Mentha spicata
18" Pointed, crinkled leaves Prefers rich, moist soil. Space 8-10" apart. Harvest young or mature leaves. Leaves-summer drinks, tea, mint sauce
Lemon Balm
Melissa officinalis
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24" Crinkled, dull green leaves with white blossoms. Vigorous grower Space 12" apart. Prefers full sun. Harvest mature leaves. Leaves-soups, meats, tea, summer drinks
Lovage
Levisticum officinale
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24-36" Grows quite tall. May start indoors and move to sunny location. Space 12-15" apart. Harvest mature leaves. Substitute for celery flower
Oregano
Origanum vulgare
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24" Choose English strains. Produces pink flowers. Plant in rich soil. Space 8-10" apart. Start in protected location and move to full sun. Harvest mature leave. Leaves-soups, meats (roasts), stews, salads
Rosemary
Rosmarinus officinalis
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36" Dark green foliage with small blue flowers Start cuttings in early spring. Space 24" apart. Harvest mature leaves. Leaves and sprigs-meats, sauces, soups
Dried leaves-sachets to hang in closets with garments
Sage
Salvia officcinalis
18" Shrub-like plant with grey-green leaves and purple flowers. Plant in well drained location. Space 30" apart. Harvest leaves before flowering. Leaves-meats, poultry, tea, fish, dressing, stews
Tarragon
Artemisia dracunculus
24" Select French tarragon. Fine, dark green leaves Prefers well drained soils. Space 12" apart. Harvest mature leaves or sprigs. Leaves-salads, sauces, eggs, vegetables, salad vinegars
Thyme
Thymus vulgaris
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8-12" Narrow, dark green leaves Start seeds indoors. Prefers full sun and well drained soils. Space 10-12" apart. Harvest leaves and flower clusters before first flowers open. Leaves-soups, salads, dressings, omelets, gravies, breads, vegetables

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