Plant Height Inches Spread Inches Exposure Comments
Ornamental Kale
Brassica oleracea
12 12 Sun or Partial shade Ornamental foliage, very hardy, edible, the Peacock series, and especially White Peacock, are the most cold hardy.
Ornamental Cabbage
Brassica oleracea
12 12 Sun or Partial shade Ornamental foliage, very hardy, edible.
. Plants form nearly perfect circular rosettes of leaves with centers tinged with pink, red or purple. It is grown for its foliage. Plants are usually set in fall but are not reliably winter hardy in all parts of the state.
Pansy
Viola x wittrockinana
10 10 Sun Hardy, wide color range.
. Pansies are the most popular hardy annual grown in Texas. Most are planted in the fall and produce some flowers in fall and winter followed by peak flowering in spring; established plants can be planted in early spring. Nearly all colors are available. The smaller flowered multiflora types are generally more satisfactory for landscape use that the giant flowered types.
Dianthus (Pinks)
Dianthus chinensis
12 10 Sun Single carnation, bright colors, hardy. The TelStar Series is one of the best Dianthus.
. Dianthus is a half-hardy annual which will overwinter. Most varieties range in height from 6 to 12 inches. They grow best under cool conditions and may slump in midsummer. White, pink and red predominate in the color range.
Do not confuse this species with D. carophyllus (Carnation), D. barbatus (Sweet William), and D. plumaris which are perennials.
Dusty Miller
Senecio cineraria
12 12 Sun Whitish-silvery wooly leaves
. Varieties range in height from 6 to 12 inches. Daisy-like cream or yellow flowers are produced in late summer. Very hardy.
Larkspur
Delphinium/Consolida spp.
6-30 6-24 Sun Good for masses of color; Bunny Bloom Larkspur; re-seeding annual in blue, pink or white. Can be direct seeded or transplanted.
. Larkspur is an old garden favorite for providing tall, spike-like effects in the garden. They are frequently used as cut flowers. The tall hybrid perennial Delphiniums usually perform poorly in the Southeast, but the Larkspur types do well.
Nicotinia
Nicotiana alata
12 12 Sun The best compact variety is Merlin.
. (Flowering/Ornamental Tobacco) In addition to a rich variety of colors - white, lavendar, crimson, maroon, green, pink, lime and yellow- the flowers are fragrant. Varieties range in height from one to three feet.
Phlox
Phlox drummondii
6-12 12-15 Sun Many colors available. Annual Phlox is a half-hardy annual useful for early season color.
. (Annual/Drummond Phlox) Many species of Phlox are cultivated and many of these are perennials. Annual Phlox typically slumps in midsummer, but many re-flower strongly in fall.
Iceland Poppy
Papaver nudicale
12 10 Sun Attractive cut flowers can be direct seeded.
. Iceland Poppy, California Poppy (Eschsholzia californica) and Shirley Poppy (P. rhoeas) are excellent annuals for naturalizing. Seeds are usually sown in late fall or early spring for early blooms. Many colors available.
Viola
(Jonny-Jump-up)
10 12 Sun Excellent small flowered annual. No shade.